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What are the effects of traumatic brain injury?

On Behalf of | Oct 18, 2023 | Motor Vehicle Accidents

Traumatic brain injury can have life-altering consequences, affecting both the individual and their loved ones. Along with many other causes, TBI often accompanies serious car accidents.

A TBI occurs when an external force damages the brain, and its effects can be profound.

Physical effects

One of the most noticeable impacts of TBI is the physical effects it can have on the individual. These may include headaches, dizziness and a loss of balance. In some cases, TBI can lead to difficulty speaking or swallowing. These physical symptoms can vary in severity, depending on the extent of the injury, and may persist for a long time.

Cognitive impairments

TBI frequently leads to cognitive impairments, impacting the individual’s ability to think clearly and process information. Memory problems are common, making it challenging to recall recent events or learn new things. Concentration and attention span can also suffer, making it hard to focus on tasks and maintain productivity.

Emotional and behavioral changes

TBI can also result in emotional and behavioral changes that are often unexpected and difficult to cope with. These changes may include mood swings, increased irritability and even depression or anxiety. The individual might struggle to regulate their emotions and behaviors, which can strain relationships with family and friends.

Social and relationship challenges

TBI can create significant hurdles in the social and interpersonal aspects of life. Due to the cognitive and emotional changes, the affected person may struggle to maintain relationships and engage in social activities. This can lead to feelings of isolation and loneliness, which further exacerbate emotional distress.

Financial and occupational impact

Another substantial effect of TBI is the potential financial and occupational repercussions. The individual may be unable to return to their previous job due to cognitive limitations, and this can lead to a loss of income and financial instability. Ongoing medical expenses, including rehabilitation and therapy, can further strain finances.

Long-term consequences

It is important to recognize that the consequences of TBI can be long-term and sometimes permanent. While some individuals may recover to a certain extent, others may face lasting challenges in their daily lives. This can be emotionally and mentally taxing, as the affected person must adapt to a new way of living.

As reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, hospitalizations for TBI totaled 214,110 in 2020. For these individuals, proper treatment and medical intervention can ease ill effects and improve outcomes.